Vaccination for COVID-19

by. dr. Wimbi Cahyani

As we know, currently the Indonesian government is aggressively implementing COVID-19 vaccinations for all Indonesian people. According to the Indonesian Minister of Health, this vaccination activity will be carried out in 4 stages. The first stage is to provide vaccines to all health workers. Then the second stage is giving vaccines to ASN, Police, teaching staff and the elderly. The third stage of the vaccine will be given to the general public in areas with high cases of COVID-19. And the fourth stage is another general public. Currently, the vaccination activity has entered its second phase which is expected to be completed in April. So, what are the benefits of vaccines and who can be vaccinated?

Vaccination is the administration of vaccines into the body which aims to build immunity. Vaccines that are administered into the body generally contain compounds similar to the disease or disease-causing microorganisms that have been attenuated. Vaccination is said to be an easy and effective activity to build immunity against a disease. 

To date, a cure for COVID-19 has yet to be found. So giving a vaccine is one of the hopes to stop this pandemic. It is hoped that the COVID-19 vaccine will create immunity against COVID-19 so that no one is infected with COVID-19 or if it is infected, the symptoms will not be severe. 


There are various brands of the COVID-19 vaccine. But overall the vaccines in circulation contain the virus that causes COVID-19 which is attenuated. When this vaccine is injected, it is hoped that the body will react to form immunity called antibodies. These antibodies will later become soldiers to fight the COVID-19 virus. 

Individuals who may be vaccinated are healthy individuals with no history of disease, aged 18-59 years and over (elderly), breastfeeding mothers, patients who have recovered from COVID-19 3 months previously. For patients with a history of comorbid diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease and other diseases, it is appropriate to be vaccinated if they receive a recommendation from the treating doctor.

The side effects of the vaccine that are usually felt are soreness, pain in the injection area, redness, weakness, drowsiness, fever and possible allergic reactions. Allergic reactions vary from mild such as hives to severe. 

For now the vaccine is distributed through health facilities such as health centers, private clinics, government hospitals and private hospitals. Vaccines are covered 100% by the government or given free of charge. The community will then be recorded and register for vaccines. Furthermore, the community will be directed to get vaccines at health facilities.

After getting the COVID-19 vaccine, the public is asked to continue implementing health protocols so that herd immunity is formed immediately and the pandemic ends soon.