By: dr. A A. Pt. Sanjaya Putra Amiyura
Epistaxis or bleeding from the nose (nosebleeds) is a case that is often encountered in everyday life both in children and adults, most symptoms of epistaxis are mild and can stop on their own, but severe epistaxis can cause emergency problems that can be fatal if not immediately handled. Epistaxis itself is not a disease, but is a symptom of an illness, often epistaxis arises spontaneously without knowing the cause, sometimes it is obviously caused by a fall, scraping the nose too hard, being hit, the presence of a foreign object in the nose. Other causes of nosebleeds are local infections, tumors, decreased platelet levels, blood clotting disorders, hormonal disorders and congenital abnormalities.
Indeed, the causes of epistaxis as described above are varied, both those that cause mild epistaxis (do not require further treatment) or severe where it must be treated specifically, therefore an examination is needed to be able to treat epistaxis (nosebleeds) properly and correctly
The principle of handling nosebleeds is to stop bleeding, prevent complications, and prevent recurrent bleeding. For mild bleeding can be done by pressing the nostrils for 10-15 minutes (try not to look up, so that the blood does not descend into the lower respiratory tract) usually by doing this often successful, but if the bleeding still continues the patient needs to immediately go to doctor to get further treatment. Complications that often occur in cases of epistaxis are shock and anemia, where the patient loses a lot of blood.